The Rockefeller Foundation and GEAPP to design the world’s first ‘coal-to-clean’ credit program in emerging economies

  • The Coal to Clean Credit Initiative (CCCI), a consortium of global experts, is developing a world-first carbon credit methodology and starting a consultative process this month.
  • The methodology will be presented as soon as COP28 and transactions for coal-to-clean credits could be signed in 2024, following its accreditation.
  • CCCI aims to apply this methodology to catalyze the just transition of coal-fired power plants in emerging economies across the world over the coming years, avoiding the planned release of millions of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.
  • The Rockefeller Foundation and Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet (GEAPP) will be supported by implementing partner South Pole, with technical and convening expertise from RMI and Climate Policy Initiative (CPI).

New York | 14 June 2023The Rockefeller Foundation and Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet (GEAPP) announced the Coal to Clean Credit Initiative (CCCI) will set a new comprehensive standard for the use of carbon finance to incentivize a just transition away from coal-fired power plants to renewable energy in emerging economies. This initiative, which is supported by Climate Policy Initiative (CPI), RMI, and South Pole, will begin running a consultative process to develop the methodology this month, setting a global benchmark for carbon-financed coal transition projects. The Rockefeller Foundation and GEAPP plan to present CCCI’s methodology during the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28) in Dubai with the endorsement of a leading carbon standard.

“Emerging and developing countries have the right to create opportunity, jobs, and electricity for their people without triggering a climate emergency,” said Dr. Rajiv J. Shah, President of The Rockefeller Foundation. “The Coal to Clean Credit Initiative can help these countries retire coal plants and replace them with cleaner power, which can avoid tens of millions of tons of emissions per plant while still unlocking opportunity for people.”

Over 90% of coal plants are shielded from competition due to regulation or long-term contracts that guarantee their returns, resulting in many coal plants having no financial motivation to retire early. In response, the CCCI is designing a methodology that can be used to develop a world-first project approach to accelerate the managed and equitable phase-out of coal plants and incentivize their full or partial replacement with clean power this decade.

The revenue generated from selling the CCCI’s ‘coal-to-clean’ credits could provide incentives for coal plant owners to change course and invest in renewable energy, while also generating funding to support the transition of workers and communities away from coal-fired power.

CCCI has developed a detailed concept, with input from a technical advisory group of leading experts, and identified real-world cases that are most suitable for the generation of coal-to-clean credits. CCCI’s ambition is to begin signing transactions as soon as 2024 and to apply the methodology to as many plants as possible this decade, avoiding millions of tons of planned carbon dioxide emissions.

Led by GEAPP, CCCI has secured a high-level partnership with the Republic of Indonesia to develop a roadmap for the generation of coal-to-clean credits for the managed and equitable phase-out of coal plants, and has begun scoping work in South Africa and Vietnam for similar partnerships.

“The JETP Indonesia Secretariat welcomes the Coal to Clean Carbon Initiative. We view this as a real opportunity to support one of the key priorities JETP Indonesia, namely the early retirement of coal power plants,” said Edo Mahendra, Head of Indonesia’s JETP Secretariat. “The task may be daunting, but with the right level of international support and political commitment that you have from the Government of Indonesia, we can collectively prove that accelerating the retirement of coal power plants can be made possible.”

With the right kinds of investment and support, affected communities will have a critical role to play in the transition from coal to clean power. CCCI’s just transition plans will be developed in partnership with local communities for each project. These include routes to new employment, entrepreneurship, and reskilling to ensure that the needs of coal workers and local communities are kept at the forefront throughout.

“By 2030 the cost of renewables will undercut fossil fuels almost everywhere, enabling an estimated 25 million secure jobs in Asia and Africa alone. GEAPP is proud to support countries such as Indonesia, whose request to participate in the Coal to Clean Credit Initiative will place them at the forefront of energy transition and carbon market development,” said Simon Harford, CEO of GEAPP.  “This initiative is important not only because it creates financial incentives for emerging economies to rapidly transition from coal to renewable energy but does so in a just way to ensure jobs and livelihoods are properly accounted for as each project develops and scales.”

The Rockefeller Foundation and GEAPP will be supported by implementing partner South Pole, with technical and convening expertise from RMI and CPI. Together, they are focused on ensuring that it is established according to the highest level of environmental integrity, technical best-practice, and credible, cross-societal stakeholder engagement.

The aim is that CCCI will set a new benchmark for carbon-financed coal transition projects and accelerate the global coal-to-clean transition. By providing a nearer-term opportunity at the project level, CCCI’s methodology aims to align with jurisdictional approaches and system-level decarbonization. CCCI is therefore exploring an innovative, system-integrated project approach to mobilizing carbon finance to accelerate the managed and equitable phase-out of coal plants, and incentivizing their full or partial replacement with clean power.

CCCI’s project approach recognizes that coal plants are strategic assets operating within a national power system, and that their accelerated retirement requires careful consultation with national authorities and consideration and evaluation of the system-wide impacts. CCCI will also be intentionally designed to integrate with existing and future compliance markets and the voluntary market.

For this reason, CCCI complements other carbon market and public climate finance initiatives that are focused on delivering this same ambition, while working on an accelerated transition timeline. For example, CCCI could help to unlock the private finance needed for larger-scale initiatives, such as Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs). It will also promote broader carbon market development, by growing the supply of high-integrity credits and setting clear standards for buyers.

Over the course of the coming months, CCCI will continue to share expertise with stakeholders and other coal transition initiatives, including the carbon standards, international finance institutions, and other organizations working on financial mechanisms. Stakeholders are welcomed to engage with CCCI’s local consultations and stakeholder learning sessions on the transition from coal to clean power. CCCI will also continue to exchange its expertise with stakeholders in developing this new benchmark for coal-to-clean projects.

‘’If we are to avoid the threat of over 2 degrees Celsius of global warming, we must provide a credible pathway for coal plants in emerging economies to transition sooner,’’ said Dr. Joseph Curtin, Managing Director for Power and Climate at The Rockefeller Foundation. “Tens of millions of tons of carbon dioxide emissions can be avoided if just one plant is retired and replaced by cleaner power decades ahead of its planned closure. Realizing this benefit requires compelling incentives and additional finance.’’

About the Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet

The Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet (GEAPP) is an alliance of philanthropy, governments in emerging and developed economies, and technology, policy, and financing partners. Our common mission is to enable emerging economies to shift to a clean energy, pro-growth model that accelerates universal energy access and inclusive economic growth, while supporting the global community to meet critical climate goals during the next decade. As an alliance we aim to reduce 4 gigatons of future carbon emissions, expand clean energy access to one billion people, and enable 150 million new jobs. With philanthropic partners, IKEA Foundation, The Rockefeller Foundation, and Bezos Earth Fund, GEAPP works to build the enabling environment, capacity, and market conditions for private sector solutions, catalyze new business models through innovation and entrepreneurship, and deploy high-risk capital to encourage private sector solutions, and assist just transition solutions. For more information, please visit and follow us on Twitter at @EnergyAlliance.

About The Rockefeller Foundation

The Rockefeller Foundation is a pioneering philanthropy built on collaborative partnerships at the frontiers of science, technology, and innovation that enable individuals, families, and communities to flourish. We make big bets to promote the well-being of humanity and make opportunity universal and sustainable. Our focus is on scaling renewable energy for all, stimulating economic mobility, and ensuring equitable access to health care and nutritious food. For more information, sign up for our newsletter at and follow us on Twitter @RockefellerFdn.

Media contacts:

Ashley Chang, The Rockefeller Foundation:
Eric Gay, GEAPP:

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